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You thought you had learned everything you needed to know about taxes and finance, but now that you’re retiring, you find out there is a whole new set of rules to learn. Here are the five most important things you should know about taxes after retirement.
This means that the money you withdraw from accounts that you contributed tax-deferred income to, such as IRAs, 401(k)s, annuities and many pensions, is now subject to federal income tax. The benefit of those accounts was being able to earn interest on that money or invest it in stocks and bonds before paying income tax, but now the IRS wants its share.
If you’ve held onto long-term investments but are now cashing in some of them for living expenses during retirement, you’ll now be liable for capital gains taxes. The good news is that long-term capital gains (those investments held for more than a year) are taxed at a low rate. Most people will pay 15 percent, while those in the lowest income brackets will pay zero percent, and those in the highest owe 20 percent.
Most of the itemized deductions that many people are able to take, especially small business owners and independent contractors, won’t be available when you retire (unless you continue to work part-time or oversee a business). Retirees often have a lower income after they retire, and that can mean being in a lower tax bracket where taking the standard deduction instead of itemized deductions is often the best option.
Many retirees sell their home and move into a smaller house or condo, both because their children are now adults and because it can help generate more income since they are no longer working. For those who have paid off their mortgage, or at least accrued a large amount of equity, this can mean facing a big tax bill. The good news is that profit from sale of a home is only taxed after the first $500,000 for a married couple and $250,000 for an individual.